Many people who immigrate to Canada want to know more about driving licenses in Canada, their types, and the procedures for obtaining them, and is it possible to use their driving license in Canada?

We will talk through our article for today with all the information about the driver’s license in Canada in all its provinces. Continue reading with us.

How to Replace a Driving License in Canada

If you are an immigrant or newcomer to Canada, it is important to know that you can only use your current driving license for a period of six months. This rule applies to tourists and immigrants, but not to students, who are allowed to use their driving license until they finish their studies. After the six month period, you will need to replace your driving license in order to continue driving in Canada.

Unlike some countries, such as France, Canada does not have agreements with other countries regarding the replacement of driving licenses without any conditions. This means that all immigrants and tourists from Arab countries will need to follow the process for replacing their driving license in Canada. Most European countries, on the other hand, do have agreements with Canada that allow for the replacement of driving licenses without any additional tests or procedures.

To replace your driving license in Canada, you will need to contact the insurance and car office in your province. They will provide you with information on the steps you need to follow in order to obtain a new driving license. It is important to do this before the expiration of the six month period, as driving without a valid license in Canada is illegal.

The most important steps to replace a driving license in Canada

In order to replace your driving license in Canada, you will need to follow these steps:

  1. Contact the insurance and car office in the county where you reside and book an appointment to submit the necessary documents for replacing your driving license. These documents include your current driving license, a copy of the license translated into French or English, and a recent ID photo.
  2. Take a written test covering traffic lights, driving guides, and road signs. The fees for this test are around $11.20.
  3. Take a practical driving test administered by a specialist affiliated with the insurance and car office. The fee for this test is $66.95.
  4. If you pass both tests, your new Canadian driving license will be mailed to your residence. It is important to remember to renew your license before it expires.

Age to Start Learning to Drive in Canada

In Canada, the minimum age at which you can start learning to drive varies by province. In most provinces, you must be 16 years old to begin learning to drive. However, in Alberta, it is possible to obtain a learner’s permit at the age of 14. Provinces in Canada use a system called Graded Driver Licensing (GDL) to ensure that drivers are properly trained and skilled at driving before obtaining a standard license for cars and light trucks.

Types of Driver’s License in Canada

There are various types of driver’s licenses in Canada, and the specific types available can vary by province or territory. It is important to carry your driving license with you while driving in Canada.

In general, all provinces allow non-residents to use driving licenses issued by other provinces or territories, as well as out-of-state licenses and international driving permits.

Canadian driver’s licenses are also typically valid in many other countries due to international conventions and treaties. Keep in mind that the rules for renewing a driving license can differ between provinces or territories in Canada.

Driver’s license in the province of Alberta in Canada

Driver’s licenses in Alberta are classified into the following :

Class 7 (Learner)

  • This permit may be given to an individual at the age of 14 and can only be used when the driver is accompanied by an untested licensed person.
  • It is necessary to pass an electronic test in which a mark of 83.3% is required, in addition to the vision test, in order to obtain this license.
  • The requirements for a Class 7 license include that the driver’s blood does not contain any alcohol while driving, and the learner cannot drive between 12:00 am and 5:00 am.

Class 6 (Motorcycle)

  • This permit allows the operator to drive a motorcycle without a supervising rider present, minimum age to obtain this license is 16.
  • Class 7 license must have been held for one year One prior to applying for a Class 6 license.

Class 5-GDL (Exam)

  • This license can be obtained once a driver has held a Class 7 license (Learner’s Permit) for at least one year without suspension.
  • A driver must be 16 years old before he can apply for this licence.
  • This license allows one to drive without a fully licensed driver, however, this license has more restrictions than a non-trial license.
  • Fewer demerit points are allowed and drivers must have zero blood alcohol while driving.
  • A probationary license does not qualify the license holder to serve as a Class 7 Chauffeur Driver.
  • A basic road test is required to obtain this licence.

Class 5 (Full Driver’s License, other than GDL)

  • This license may be obtained after holding a Class 5 probationary driver’s license for two years without suspension.
  • The minimum age to obtain this license is 18.
  • An advanced road test is required to obtain this license.
  • A driver holding this license is referred to as a “fully licensed driver”.

Class 4

  • This permit allows the operator to drive a taxi, ambulance or bus with seats for up to 24 passengers.

Class 3

  • This permit allows the operator to drive a vehicle with 3 or more axles towing a trailer with 1 or more axles (assuming the trailer does not have air brakes).

Class 2

  • This permit allows the operator to operate any bus, in addition to vehicles permitted by Class 3/4/5 license holders.

Class 1

  • This permit allows the operator to operate any motorized vehicle except a motorcycle (as motorcycles always specifically require a Class 6 license).

Note that drivers wishing to upgrade to a Class 1, 2, 3 or 4 license must possess a Class 5 (non-probationary) license and be at least 18 years of age to apply.

BC Driver’s License

BC driver’s licenses are classified into the following:

Class 8L (Motorcycle Learner’s Permit)

  • This permit can first be obtained at age 16, just like Class 7L.
  • There are many restrictions until a rider passes the “Motorcycle Skills Test”, which is conducted in a parking lot and includes basic maneuvering skills.
  • After this test, the rider can ride alone, with much fewer restrictions.

Class 7L (Learner’s Permit)

  • This permit can be given first at the age of 16, and prior to obtaining it, the consent of the parent or legal guardian must be obtained.
  • In order for this permit to be granted, it is necessary for the person to sit for an electronic test.
  • The person obtaining this license must enjoy the supervision of a fully licensed driver over 25 years of age.
  • It is necessary to completely abstain from drinking alcohol before driving with a large ‘L’ emblem on the rear of the vehicle.
  • Driving must not take place between 12 am and 5 am, and the use of electronic devices is prohibited.

Class 7 (Beginner’s Permit), also called Stage “N”

  • This permit can be obtained once a driver turns 17, after successful completion of the Class 7L driving test.
  • It is possible to hold this license for five years, if the person does not pass an approved driving course, which reduces the required time period to 18 months.
  • It is mandatory for drivers to stick a large letter “N” on the back of the car while driving.
  • Restrictions include zero blood alcohol
  • Any traffic violation by a Class 7 license holder can result in a ban, after which the owner must start the Class 7N program from the beginning.
  • After two years with a Class 7N, the license holder may take a 45-minute Class 5 road test.
  • Successful completion of this test will grant a Class 5 Passenger Vehicle License.

Class 6 (Motorcycle Licence)

  • This license allows the holder to drive a motorcycle without restrictions.

Class 5 (Full Vehicle Licence)

  • It is the full driving licence, and there are no extra procedures for the holder of this licence.

Class 4 (Commercial) Restricted

  • Allows the holder to operate taxis, limousines, ambulances, special buses used to transport people with disabilities, and other special vehicles and also allows the holder to operate vehicles in Class 5.
  • The minimum age to obtain it is 19

Class 4 (Commercial) Unrestricted

  • In addition to the vehicles listed for Class 4 Restricted above, this allows its holder to operate buses with a maximum seating capacity of 25, including the driver.

Class 3 (Heavy Duty Commercial Trucks)

  • This license gives its holder the right to drive trucks.
  • The minimum age to obtain it is 18 years old.

Class 2 (Commercial, Buses)

  • allows its holder to operate buses, including school buses, special activity buses and special vehicles and also allows its holder to operate vehicles in Classes 4 and 5.
  • The minimum age to obtain it is 19.

Class 1 (commercial, semi-trailer)

  • allows the holder to operate semi-trailer trucks and also allows the holder to operate all motor vehicles or combinations of vehicles except motorcycles.
  • The minimum age to obtain it is 19.

British Columbia requires all new resident drivers to take a driver’s knowledge test and road test in order to obtain a BC driver’s license.

Except for persons holding a valid driver’s license from other Canadian jurisdictions, Austria, Australia, France, Germany, Guernsey, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, South Korea, Switzerland, Taiwan, the United Kingdom or the United States.

Manitoba Driver’s License in Canada

Manitoba Driver’s Licenses are categorized into the following:

Class 6M (Motorcycle Training Course Licence)

  • Must pass a knowledge test and enable the driver to take a course on motorcycles. Minimum age: 16.

Class 6L (Motorcycle Learner Stage License)

  1. Issued after completing a motorcycle training course.
  2. A zero blood alcohol content (BAC) must be maintained.
  3. Passengers are not allowed to drive at night at this point.
  4. After 9 months, the person is eligible to take a road test to graduate to intermediate school.

Class 6I (Intermediate Motorcycle License)

  • Issued after completion of a Class 6 road test.

Class 6F (Full Motorcycle License)

  • Issued after 15 months in Intermediate.
  • You must have 0 BAC for the first 36 months of this phase.

Class 5L (Car Learner’s License)

  • Must be a Supervised Driver in the front seat, have held a full license for at least 3 years and have a BAC of less than 0.05,
  • Eligible to take a Class 5I road test after 9 months at least.
  • Minimum age: 16 (15.5 years if enrolled in a high school driver education program)

Class 5I (Middle Stage Vehicle License)

  • Obtained upon successful completion of a road test.
  • You must have 0 BAC.
  • Restrictions for passengers only from midnight to 5 am,

Class 5F (Full Stage Vehicle Licence)

  1. This is a full license for a passenger vehicle.
  2. Acquired after at least 15 months with a Class 5I license.
  3. After 36 months of this licence, the driver is allowed to earn 0.05 BAC and be an honorable driver.
  4. A license holder is eligible to upgrade to a Class 1-4 license if they are 18 years of age or older.

Class 4

  • allows its holder to operate taxis, ambulances and other emergency vehicles, buses with a capacity of 10-24 and school buses with a capacity of 10-36.
  • Its holder is also allowed to drive vehicles in category 5.
  • Minimum age: 18 years.

Class 3

  • allows its holder to operate trucks with more than two axles, including any combination of vehicles, or a two-axle truck towing a vehicle with a gross vehicle registered weight of more than 4,540 kg.
  • Includes all vehicles in categories 4 and 5.
  • Minimum age: 18.

Class 2

  • allows its holder to operate buses with a capacity of more than 24 people, and school buses with a capacity of more than 36 seats.
  • It also allows its bearer to operate vehicles in Classes 3, 4 and 5.
  • Minimum age: 18.

Class 1

  • It allows its bearer to operate semi-trailer trucks.
  • The holder is also permitted to operate all motor vehicles or combinations of vehicles except motorcycles.
  • Minimum age: 18.

Canadian Provincial Newfoundland and Labrador driver’s license

Newfoundland and Labrador driver’s licenses are categorized into the following:

  • In Newfoundland and Labrador, one can apply for a learner license for vehicles Class 5 (passenger car or light truck) at the age of 16 and cannot obtain their license until they are 17 (unless one is a graduate of the Young Drivers Program in Canada), as well as Class 6 vehicles (motorcycles).
  • Upon completion and passing of the written knowledge test and vision test, a Class 5 Level 1 license will be issued This license, commonly referred to as a “Learner’s Permit,” restricts its holders to one passenger in a vehicle who must have been licensed for a minimum of Over 4 years old, a blood alcohol level of 0% and not driving between 12am and 5am.
  • Rear windshield must also have a ‘Apprentice Driver’ sign. Parental consent required for applicants under 19.
  • After 12 months at Level 1, or 8 months with completion of a government-approved driving school program which Contains both classroom and in-car training, a road test can be taken to advance to the second level.
  • Upon successful completion of the road test, one advances to the second level of the Graduate Licensing Programme.

Level 2 lasts 12 months and carries fewer restrictions than the initial stage. Daytime occupants are allowed. Level 2 drivers must be accompanied by a licensed driver with 4 years of driving experience and there cannot be any other occupants in the vehicle.

Drivers’ blood alcohol content must remain at 0% at this point.

Driver’s license in the Canadian province of Ontario

There is also within the province of Ontario a continuous driver’s licensing program, which is:

Learner’s Permit (G1)

  • It is given to persons with a minimum of 16 years of age with successful completion of a theory test and a vision test, and it is granted A G1 license for a learner driver with the right to drive on the road with a driver who has had a full G license for four years.
  • The driver cannot drive between 12 am and 5 am and it is necessary when driving that he has not drunk any amount of alcohol.
  • In addition, a driver with a G1 license does not have the right to drive on 400 Series highways or other high-speed highways unless accompanied by a licensed instructor.

Test License (G2)

  • This license is given one year after obtaining the G1 or a period of eight months if the driver has completed a government-supported driving course.
  • After passing the Basic Road Test, a G2 driver may be able to drive unaccompanied at any time on all Ontario roads and highways.

Full license (G)

  • This license is issued after one year of driving with a G2 licence, and it is necessary for the driver to pass an additional road test which includes driving on the motorway.

Prince Edward Island driver’s license

The Prince Edward Island driver’s license program includes:

  • If a person is 16 years of age or older, a person can apply for a learning permit for the purpose of obtaining a driver’s license in the province of Prince Edward Island. Canada if he is at least 16 years old.
  • A learning permit gives a person the right to drive under supervision to obtain instructions, and this license is valid for a full two years.
  • After the end of the two years, it is possible to take an additional road test, through which the full license to drive the car is given.
  • It is necessary to pass a written or oral exam, a road signs test as well as a vision test.

New Brunswick driver’s license in Canada

Class 9

A motorcycle licence, entitling the owner to drive a farm tractor, minimum age of 14 and parental consent required.

Class 8

is a farm tractor license, which gives the owner the right to drive a farm tractor only and the minimum age for obtaining it is 14 years old and parental consent is required.

Class 7

is a graduated licensing program, the minimum age for the applicant is 16 years old, parental consent is required, and it has two levels:

  • Level 1: Learner’s License, which is required to drive under the supervision of a fully licensed person.
  • Level 2: Grants the right to drive except for night driving from 12 am to 5 am.

Class 5

  • Considered a full in-county driver’s license.

Quebec driver’s license in Canada

In Quebec, a probationary license (class 5) can be given for two full years, to a person who is at least 16 years old.

It is necessary to first register within the driving course in an official driving school through SAAQ / AQTR which contains theoretical and practical lessons.

The applicant is then given a Class 5 learner’s license after passing the first stage of the formal driving course (5 theoretical units).

The permit issued gives the driver the right to drive on the roads with a person holding a full, valid driving licence.

While driving, it is necessary that the alcohol level in the applicant’s blood be 0 and not give more than 4 negative points. Upon reaching this number, the applicant will stop and prolong the learning period for a period of 3 months.

Then the practical road test must be passed after the completion of the driving course that was mentioned. After completing these steps successfully in a period of no less than two full years, the person is given a driver’s license in Canada.

Saskatchewan Provincial Driver’s License

The Saskatchewan Provincial Driver’s License Program is as follows:

  • Class 1: Entitles the holder to drive semi-trailers and Dat power and trucks, except for trucks with two axles.
  • Class 2: gives its owner the right to drive cars carrying more than 24 people.
  • Class 3: gives its owner the right to drive cars that have two axles, except for those with farm-class plates.
  • Class 4: gives its owner the right to drive cars that carry 24 people or less than that, in addition to taxis and ambulances.
  • Class 5: gives its owner the right to drive cars and trucks with two axles that have a trailer, so that the total weight of the truck does not exceed 4,600 kg.
  • Class 7: It gives its owner the right to drive all Class 5 cars as a learner, as well as motorcycles at certain times, and it is given to persons with a minimum of 16 years of age.

In all cases, it is necessary to review the responsible authorities in order to obtain all new information and legal amendments to driving and traffic procedures in Canada.

The cost of a driver’s license in Canada

The cost of a driver’s license in Canada varies between provinces Example:

  • The fee for a driver’s license in Quebec is 23 Canadian dollars.
  • The cost of a British Columbia driver’s license is 75 Canadian dollars.

Computer exam questions for a driver’s license in Canada

There are a lot of questions that are asked during the submission of the Canadian driver’s license exam, and they are often related to the following:

  • When you approach a road intersection.
  • When you lose vision as a result of the oncoming vehicle lighting.
  • When meeting or following another vehicle.
  • When another driver dims his vehicle’s lights.

Driving Instruction Book in Arabic in Canada

There are no Arabic copies of the Driving Instruction Book in Canada, but there is only one copy in Arabic that was printed in Prince Edward Island, in PDF format, to view it, click on the following link: princeedwardisland

Q: How do I replace a driver’s license in Canada?

A: To replace a driver’s license in Canada, you will need to contact the insurance and car office in the county where you live and book an appointment to submit the national license replacement file. This file will include the national driving license, a copy of the license translated into French or English, and an ID photo.

Q: At what age can I start learning to drive in Canada?

A: The driving age in Canada is determined by each province or territory. In most provinces, the age to start learning to drive is 16. However, in Alberta, a learner’s permit can be obtained at age 14.

Q: How much does a driver’s license cost in Quebec?

A: In Quebec, a driver’s license costs 23 Canadian dollars.

Q: What are the types of driving licenses in Canada?

A: The types of driving licenses in Canada vary by province or territory. You will need to carry your license with you while driving, and it is valid for driving anywhere in Canada. The renewal date for driving licenses may also vary by province or territory.